Phonological awareness is an umbrella term that includes awareness of words, syllables, onsets, rimes, and the smallest unit of spoken language, phonemes.
Phonological awareness difficulties represent the most common source of word-level reading difficulties. Phonological awareness is essential for skilled reading.
Basic phonological awareness skills include phoneme blending and segmentation and are generally mastered by most students by the end of the first grade. Advanced phonological awareness skills involve manipulating phonemes which include deleting, substituting, or reversing phonemes within words.
Phonemic Awareness skills are a part of phonological awareness. It is generally considered to be the ability to hear and manipulate individual speech sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Specifically, phonemic awareness is the ability to identify, isolate and manipulate language at the individual sound level (phonemes).
What are the 6 layers of Phonemic Awareness?
So, in what order do I teach Phonemic Awareness skills?
Well, first let me say a few caveats to the “order” I will share. The scope refers to the areas of development addressed by the curriculum. The sequence includes plans and materials for learning experiences to support and extend student's learning at various levels of development.
The scope and sequence you use for your students should be individualized (and also systematic) for targeted intervention!
This order gives you a systematic sequence that allows you to individualize it for your students!
Remember - Learning to read is a multi-dimensional pursuit. Lots of things have to happen simultaneously. So your lessons should always include all 5 components of reading and spelling.
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Happy & Healthy Teaching!